Here at APG, we have a dedicated team with decades of O-ring knowledge and experience readily available to vulcanize any custom O-Ring when you need it most. The vulcanization process consists of using cord material, adhesive, heat, and pressure to combine the two ends together to create a custom O-Ring in a matter of minutes. To get a glimpse of our process, watch our short video.
The vulcanizing process begins with picking the right O-Ring cord, as each elastomer has different chemical properties and reacts differently to various environments and temperatures. Failure to pick the right material could cause your equipment to fail, or be unsatisfactory. Below is a list of the most popular cords APG has available for vulcanization and for individual sale. To inquire about these materials or any others, please reach out to our team using the form below.
The Cutting Process
After selecting the cord, the next step in the vulcanizing process is to cut it to the desired length. In order to ensure the correct sized O Ring, two measurements from the list below are needed to accurately calculate the cut. All the o-ring cord is measured and cut in our warehouse by our vulcanizing team.
There are two types of cuts we provide here at APG, bevel and butt cuts. The most popular one is the butt cut, which is a 90 degree angle which is cut from top to bottom. The other cut is the bevel cut, also known as the skive cut, which is an angled cut that is believed to be stronger, depending of the use-case of the o-ring, because it has more surface area to be bonded.
Currently our warehouse has over 20 vulcanization machines that can output approximately 2000 orings a day. APG uses a variety of molds that are fitted for each cross section of cord we have. The molds range in thickness, shapes, and can accommodate any size from a cross section of 1 inch or less. The mold is locked into place and the heating process begins. To get a more in depth look at our molds, interact with our 3D model.
After the cut has been made, we apply a special adhesive to each end of the cord. Different adhesives are used depending on the type of material. The material is then placed into the mold, also known as a die, once the temperature needed is reached. Each material has a different bonding temperature because the chemical makeup of each elastomer bonds differently. One of the main components in the vulcanization speed is dependent on the thickness of the cord that is being utilized. The thicker it is, the longer it will take to bond properly.
APG believes in providing the highest quality products, every-time. All our vulcanized products go through a rigorous inspection process to ensure product durability. If the O Ring is not up to our quality standards, we repeat the process until our standards are met and is ready to be shipped.
Our warehouse is equipped with an assortment of vulcanizing equipment and a knowledgeable sales team ready to get started on your custom O Ring order. Are you interested in learning more about our process or need vulcanized O-Rings? Fill out the form below and one of our O Ring specialists will reach out to you today!
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